Not every couple is blessed with the ability to conceive naturally. We speak about infertility if a couple has had regular, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year without achieving pregnancy. It is then appropriate to seek out a reproductive medicine specialist. The specialist identifies where the problem lies by means of a fertility examination.

Infertility affects men and women equally. For some of them, the causes of infertility may be impossible to discover.

The importance of support from doctors and the couple’s family and friends cannot be overstated. In many cases, it may be advisable to seek professional help in coping with the situation. Mental wellbeing is essential for a successful treatment.


The reason for infertility may be only a temporary or simple disorder that can be treated with a particular diet or medicine. However, with most couples, the causes are more complicated and infertility treatment is the best way to address the specific problem.

Reasons for Female Infertility

Female infertility can be caused by:

  • Endometriosis
  • Genetic disorders
  • Adhesions in the fallopian tubes as a result of inflammation
  • An autoimmune system response in which the body produces antibodies that fight against sperm or an implanted embryo.

Reasons for Male Infertility

Male infertility can be caused by:

  • Sperm quality – count and mobility
  • Genetics
  • Autoimmune response
  • Hormonal production disorders
  • Inflammation
  • Blockage of the spermatic cord
  • Problems with ejaculation

In some cases, the cause cannot be determined but it is mostly possible to discover them by male examination. Modern medicine now recognises a wide variety of assisted reproduction procedures that make it possible for most couples to make their dream come true.



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