- 21. 3. 2020
- Reproductive health
By now most people know age is an important factor in fertility. So whether you are already trying to conceive or just want to know where you currently stand, fertility can be tested. Important to say – not good idea to go ahead with testing unless being in a position to act on the results.
FEMALE FERTILITY TESTING
The very first step is to visit an IVF specialist for a blood test to evaluate hormone levels. The most important when looking at a woman’s hormone levels is to predict the status of her ovarian reserve. Ovarian reserve tells the doctor roughly how many eggs woman has remaining.
Most fertlity specialist test the Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH). This hormone is produced by the granulosa cells that line the tiny follicles within the ovaries. As the number of available eggs in a woman’s ovarian reserve begins to decline so does the corresponding AMH level.
The Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is also hormone to be tested. FSH is released by the pituitary gland and is responsible for developing the follicles in the ovaries. As woman get older, and the number of eggs decreases, pituitary gland has to work harder and produce more FSH. This test is done at a specific time in your menstrual cycle.
A pelvic scan to assess the ovaries and identify if there are any gynaecological issues which could impact your fertility.
MALE FERTILITY TESTING
A spermogram is the primary method of establishing the presence and cause of male infertility. The exam requires a sperm sample taken after three days of sexual abstinence. The sample is checked for:
- Count: how many sperm are in the sample - man semen production
- Motility: how many sperm are moving, and how quickly
- Morphology: how many sperm are of normal shape and size
Once you know where you stand in relation to your fertility you will be able to make decisions about whether you should start/continue to try to conceive naturally, look into fertility preservation options or choose a fertility clinic.