- 16. 9. 2016
- Reproductive health
THE REPRODUCTIVE ABILITIES OF A COUPLE IN EACH AND EVERY STAGE OF LIFE ARE VERY SPECIFIC AND EACH OF THESE STAGES CAN HAVE ITS OBSTACLES.
OUR BODY ACTS DIFFERENTLY IN OUR TWENTIES, THIRTIES OR FORTIES. AND IT’S OUR AGE WHAT CHANGES OUR REPRODUCTIVE ABILITIES AND THE POSSIBILITY OF A NATURAL CONCEIVING.
When is the right time for a woman to have a child? If we ignore all the practical factors which nowadays influence the planning of starting a family and focus solely on the physical side of the problem, a woman’s organism is best prepared for pregnancy around the 25th year of her life, when the egg cells are of best quality and her body has the best ability to bear and give a birth to a healthy child. The risk of an abortion is low in this age, just as the probability of risks of inherited defects of the foetus is.
As mentioned previously, the borderline for starting a family is significantly moving – modern western cultures postpone having a child until later age. It is apparent from the statistics that women become mothers around the 30th year of their life – until that moment, they build career, create their own space, enjoy “freedom” and they search for the best partner and father of their children, who would tally with the challenging requirements of this day and age. In such age, though, natural conceiving is usually more complicated, there’s a gradual decrease in women’s fertility and the real chance of achieving pregnancy is at 75%. The 35th year of a woman’s life is considered a turning point; after that, the number of egg cells starts to decrease quickly and their quality changes. Also, the number of ovulation cycles gets lower. Late pregnancy brings many health risks, too. And the closer to the so-said “magical” 40th year a woman is, the bigger is a probability of a chromosome defect. The chance of natural pregnancy in this age drops to 54% and with that, the percentage of abortion risk rises. After the 45th year of life, only a very low number of women gets pregnant successfully and the risk of development defects grows rapidly.
Men have their biological clock, too, but they are better off than women. More significant problems with fertility appear around the 35th year of their life, when they start producing a bigger number of abnormally shaped sperm cells – their quality and movement abilities decrease. After the 40th year of life, the natural fertilisation ability visibly falls and after the 45th year, other factors affect the man’s fertility – for example kidney illnesses, hormonal imbalance, chemotherapeutical treatment, etc.